The prevalence of obesity in the American population shows few signs of regression, which increasingly draws  concern for younger demographics. Obesity is the most common nutritional disorder affecting younger age groups with approximately 21-24% overweight and 16-18% obese children and adolescents. The complexity and multifactorial nature of the disorder make treatment strategies difficult; long-term complications associated with childhood obesity emphasize the need for improved efforts in prevention and condition management. Obese children and adolescents are predisposed to insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, liver and renal disease, as well as reproductive dysfunction and face an increased risk of adult-onset obesity and cardiovascular disease. 

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