The prevalence of obesity in the American population shows few signs of regression, which increasingly draws concern for younger demographics. Obesity is the most common nutritional disorder affecting younger age groups with approximately 21-24% overweight and 16-18% obese children and adolescents. The complexity and multifactorial nature of the disorder make treatment strategies difficult; long-term complications associated with childhood obesity emphasize the need for improved efforts in prevention and condition management. Obese children and adolescents are predisposed to insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, liver and renal disease, as well as reproductive dysfunction and face an increased risk of adult-onset obesity and cardiovascular disease.
The connection between obesity and type 2 diabetes is well known, leading health professionals to believe a rise in incidence of the former would positively correlate with the number of diabetes diagnoses. However, despite climbing obesity rates, the number of new cases of diabetes in U.S. adults continues to decline – a paradox confusing health officials. According to new federal data released in May of this year, 1.3 million new diabetes diagnoses were made in 2017, compared to 1.7 million in 2009.