Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiometabolic disease and is common among the American population with nearly 1 in 3 adults suffering from high blood pressure. The proportion increases in adults with either type 1 or 2 diabetes – 2 out 3 patients report having high blood pressure or taking BP-lowering prescription medications. Current American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines define hypertension stage 1 as a sustained blood pressure reading of over 130/80 mm Hg and over 140/99 mm Hg for stage 2, increasing the number of diagnosed hypertensive patients.
Characterized by the reduction of blood flow, limb pain, poor wound healing, and other symptoms, peripheral artery disease (PAD) affects more than 10% of Americans over the age of 69. Although the majority of cases remain undiagnosed and there is a lack of public awareness surrounding the condition, prevalence is high – the CDC estimates about 8.5 million people suffer from PAD in the United States.