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Category: CMHC

Cardiometabolic Health Congress

Heart Health on Valentine’s Day

February is not only famous for Valentine’s Day, but it also celebrates American Heart Month: an optimal time to teach ourselves about heart health. With this month, we hope that many people not only make a commitment to their loved ones, but also teach themselves how to maintain a healthy heart.

This month, remind people to raise awareness about heart disease among their family, friends, and communities:

  • Heart / cardiovascular disease (CVD) affects nearly half of American adults, accounting for 840,678 deaths in the U.S. in 2016: approximately 1 of every 3.
  • CVD claims more lives each year than all forms of cancer and chronic respiratory disease combined.
  • CVD is the leading global cause of death, accounting for more than 17.6 million deaths per year in 2016: a number expected to grow to more than 23.6 million by 2030, according to a 2014 study.

Because of this, it is critical to remain aware of all the facts and symptoms that can contribute to heart disease. Moreover, knowledge surrounding prevention measures is equally important: as it is key in maintaining a high-quality life throughout the aging process.

Facts About Heart Diseases:

Coronary Heart Disease

  • In 2016, coronary heart disease (CHD) was the leading cause (43.2%) of death attributable to cardiovascular disease. CHD occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart is blocked, putting excess strain on the muscle. If left unattended, CHD can lead to angina, heart attack, and heart failure.

Stroke:

  • Someone in the U.S. has a stroke every 40 seconds on average.
  • In 2016, strokes accounted for approximately 1 of every 19 deaths in the U.S.
  • In 2016, on average, someone died of a stroke every 3 minutes and 42 seconds.
  • When considered separately from other cardiovascular diseases, stroke ranks #5 among all causes of death in the U.SS, killing approximately 142,000 people a year.

Sudden Cardiac Arrest

  • In 2016, any-mention sudden cardiac arrest mortality in the U.S. was 366,494.
  • According to data access in 2017, most of the Out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) occur at a home or residence (69.5 %). Public settings (18.8%) and nursing homes (11.7 %) were the second and third most common locations of OHCA.

Symptoms of a Heart Attack:

  • Breathlessness
  • Fainting
  • Chest pain; pain in one or both arms
  • Sweating
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Unusual fatigue
  • Heartburn

Prevention Measures:

  • Quit smoking
  • Stay physically active
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Take care of body weight
  • Control your cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood sugar
  • Manage stress

We hope that everyone takes care of their heart health. We wish you all a happy and healthy Valentine’s Day!

A Link Between Tic Disorders & Cardiometabolic Risk?

Findings recently published in JAMA Neurology indicate that patients with Tourette syndrome, or chronic tic disorder (CTD), have an increased risk for developing at least one cardiovascular or metabolic disorder. Researchers from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden examined data from almost 8,000 individuals with registered diagnoses of TS and CTD—finding that compared with the general population, they were nearly twice as likely to develop a cardiometabolic disorder, such as diabetes or obesity. While previous research has confirmed the correlation between tic disorders and an array of adverse health issues, there is limited research regarding the underlying risk factors and root causes.

In an interview with Medscape Cardiology, senior author Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, MD, assistant professor, Department of Clinical Neuroscience at Karolinska Institute, stated: “Our findings underscore the importance of carefully monitoring cardiometabolic health in patients with Tourette syndrome and CTD from an early age.” A subgroup of patients with CTD or Tourette syndrome who could be compared to siblings controls still surpassed the general population; Fernández de la Cruz noted that this could indicate “at least part of the risk for cardiometabolic disorders might be due to the tics themselves.” When analyzing specific disorders, those individuals with Tourette syndrome or CTD were at a higher risk for obesity and circulatory system diseases.

Researchers observed an elevated risk of cardiometabolic disorders as early as age 8; the data indicated that the risk of developing at least one cardiometabolic disorder by the end of the follow-up study—at an average of 41 years—was 52.5 in people with Tourette syndrome/CTD, compared to 29.5 in the general population. In commenting for theheart.org | Medscape Cardiology, Carol A. Mathews, MD, Department of Psychiatry, University of Florida in Gainesville, stated: “It is a clinically important study in that it suggests that psychiatrists and neurologists and other healthcare providers should routinely screen for cardiovascular and metabolic disorders among individuals with Tourette syndrome, including children.” Matthews serves as co-chair of the scientific advisory board of the Tourette Association of America.

While Mathews concurred that various factors could account for the study’s observations, she noted that the combination could include higher genetic risk, lifestyle factors, potential medications other than those specified in the study. Matthews additionally encouraged healthcare practitioners & professionals working with this population of patients to help them manage their respective weights through enhancing proper nutrition and diet, increasing physical activity and exercise regimens, and minimizing screen time—in addition to limiting medications that could increase cardiovascular or metabolic issues.

Additional References
https://www.tctmd.com/news/tourette-syndrome-chronic-tic-disorder-risk-cardiometabolic-disease