The number of people living with diabetes has tripled since 2000, leading to enormous financial ramifications: the global cost of the disease is $850 billion each year. The latest estimates from the International Diabetes Federation indicate that one in 11 adults worldwide have diabetes; most have type 2 diabetes, which is strongly linked to obesity and lack of exercise. There is a strong link between type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, as people with diabetes are more than twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease and lower life expectancy.
New recommendations from the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and American Association of Diabetes Educators (AADE) combine the concepts of diabetes self-management education and support for the first time.
The document, published in both Diabetes Care and the Diabetes Educator, is an update from 2014, when guidelines for diabetes self-management support and diabetes self-management education had been outlined separately.